In the first years of cyberattacks, organizations would wait to be attacked before they developed a comprehensive plan and response to the attacker. The attack would render the organizations’ network presence useless and down for days. Several reasons cyberattacks could severely cripple a network in the early days of this malicious behavior aren’t enough concentrated research on defending and preventing and having less a coordinated effort between private industry and the government.

Since the first well known and endemic cyberattack in the mid-1990’s, many professionals in public and private organizations have diligently been studying and working on the issue of cyberattacks. Initially security companies like Norton, McAfee, Trend Micro, etc. approached the problem from the reactive posture. They knew hackers/malicious attackers were going to strike. The goal of what is now called Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) was to detect a malicious attacker before an anti-virus, Trojan horse, or worm was used to strike. If the attacker was able to strike the network, security professionals would dissect the code. After the code was dissected, a reply or “fix” was applied to the infected machine(s). The “fix” is now called a signature plus they are consistently downloaded on the network as weekly updates to guard against known attacks. Although IDS is really a wait and see posture, security professionals have gotten a lot more sophisticated in their approach and it continues to evolve as part of the arsenal.

Security professionals began considering the problem from a preventive angle. This moved the cybersecurity industry from defensive to offensive mode. These were now troubleshooting preventing an attack on something or network. Based on this type of thinking, an Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPS) called Snort (2010) was soon introduced. Snort is really a combination IDS and IPS open source software available for Download free. Using IDS/IPS software like Snort allows security professionals to be proactive in the cybersecurity arena. Though IPS allows security professionals to play offense and defense, they don’t rest on the laurels nor do they stop monitoring the work of malicious attackers which fuels creativity, imagination, and innovation. It also allows security professionals that defend the cyberworld to remain equal or one step before attackers.

Cybersecurity also plays an offensive and defensive role in the economy. In its cybersecurity commercial, The University of Maryland University College (2012) states you will have “fifty-thousand jobs obtainable in cybersecurity over the next a decade.” The institution has been running this commercial for more than two years. cybersécurité montpellier When the commercial first began running they quoted thirty-thousand jobs. They have obviously adjusted the forecast higher based on studies in addition to the government and private industry identifying cybersecurity as a crucial have to defend critical infrastructure.

Cybersecurity can play economic defense by protecting these jobs which deal with national security concerns and must remain the in the usa. The cybersecurity industry is driven by national security in the government realm and intellectual property (IP) in the private industry space. Many U.S. companies complain to the government about foreign countries hi-jacking their software ideas and inventions through state sponsored and organized crime hackers. Given that foreign countries condone state sponsored national security and intellectual property attacks, it might be to the benefit of companies to get human capital within the shores of the United States to execute the duties and tasks needed.

On the offensive side, Cybersecurity can spur development and raise the skill sets of residents in counties like Prince George’s County, Maryland which sits in the epicenter of Cybersecurity for hawaii of Maryland and the country. Prince George’s Community College is the home of Cyberwatch and the central hub for cybersecurity training and guidelines that gets pushed out to other community colleges which are part of the consortium. The goal of these community colleges is to align the education offered to students with skills that companies say are essential to be “workforce ready.” Additionally it is a rich recruiting ground for tech companies in the united states to identify and hire human capital to put on leading lines of the U.S. fight in cybersecurity. As Maryland Senator Barbara Mikulski (2012) says, the students are trained to be “cyberwarriors” and in turn workforce ready.